According to this responsible authority, for years Iran could not increase its export including agricultural and food products to Russia due to lack of container ships in the Caspian Sea.
Now transit freights can be carried along north-south corridor and the owners can enjoy good discounts based on their volumes of the freight. In this sense, the first container liner which can carry refrigerated containers along the route will launch its activity in September 2020.
Today, the Governments of Iran and Russia are determined to activate North and South Corridors with infrastructural initiatives and have proceeded further.
Among these initiatives had been implementing construction of Rasht to Caspian Port rail line, constructing ro-ro wharf carrying wagons and trucks in the Caspian Port in Anzali Free Zone, full infrastructural preparedness of Anzali Port which is one of the oldest ports in Northern Iran, implementing construction of the rail line from Chabahar Port connecting it to the national rail Network in order to develop strategies of Makran Coasts, extensive cooperation of Islamic Republic of Iran's Ports and Maritime Organization in Northern and Southern Ports of Iran, cooperation of Iran railway company in transit freights, and initiatives of Lotus Astrakhan Special Economic Zone and ship-making companies located in Astrakhan region to construct ships with different capacities through construction leasing on the part of Russia up to 80 per cent for Iranian legal and individual applicants.
Currently, with the follow-ups of Lotus Astrakhan Special Economic Zone, related taskforce is trying to attract transit freights of big companies from different countries including Iraq, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Persian Gulf Countries.
As per the decisions of North-South Corridor's joint taskforce comprised of Lotus Astrakhan Special Economic Zone (Russia), Anzali and Chabahar Free Zones (Iran), two container ships that can carry refrigerated containers will launch their traffic. The two ships will mainly transit along Russia's Astrakhan Port and two Ports of Anzali Free zones (namely Caspian and Ghazian). The Russian Liner can transit international freights, including fragile freights, from Russia's Astrakhan to Iran's Northern Ports and then through multimodal transport to the Southern Ports of Iran by cooperation of Iran's Ports and Rail Organizations.
The main advantages of this container Liner in the Caspian Sea include fixed tariffs which are not dependent on the "market" or season and also regular calendar voyages between Astrakhan and Anzali.