Yazd: A World Heritage City
Monday، 19 March 2018 |
The Historic City of Yazd is now listed in UNESCO World Heritage as the first Iranian city and 22nd Iran's historical site inscribed on world heritage list, after the World Heritage Committee voted in favor of its inscription on July 9, 2017 during the committee's 41st session in Krakow, Poland.
Yazd is a unique ochre-colored city built from adobe and brick which bears living testimony to the use of limited resources for survival in the desert. The earthen architecture of Yazd has escaped the modernization that destroyed many traditional earthen towns, retaining its traditional districts, the qanat system, traditional houses, bazaars, bath-houses, mosques, synagogues, Zoroastrian temples, the historic garden of Dolat-abad and 'badgirs', or wind-catchers, which in ancient times functioned as natural ventilation in large buildings.
Considering this important event, the Supreme Council of Urban Planning and Architecture has entered to set the requirements according to the commitments made to the World Heritage Committee.
Now the city governance would become more demanding. The surrounding area should be in harmony with the old urban area and an integrated management should ensure the historical continuity, wise urban planning and architectural standards.
The architecture of Yazd reflects peace, conformity and respect to the natural environment and the nature and epistemology of its residents.
To Minister of Roads and Urban Development, the importance is more than the UNESCO inscription. What matters is revival of IranShahr culture and civilization which will be evident through these events by looking back critically to the past to revive, compromise and contemporize past legacies with present demands.
The inscription of Yazd goes beyond the boundaries of a nation and brings peace and security to the region. It can further compensate for the fragmentation born out of modernism after Iran's Constitutional Era in different social, cultural, spatial and physical aspects.