Khawf-Herat railroad is totally 225 km long in 4 parts. Part 1 and 2 of this route is from Khawf to Shamtiq in Iran which is 78 km long. Part 3 is from Shamtiq to Rozanak in Afghanistan which is 62 km long. This part includes Rozanak Station which is constructed by Iran’s funding for development of Afghanistan. Part 4 is from Rozanak to Herat which its construction is now under consideration by Afghanistan's authorities.
The operation will be launched by freight trains initially. The number of active trains is further dependent on the demands for freight and passenger. Later this rail route will be stretched to the airport in Herat.
Transport development projects will expand and strengthen relations between Iran and Afghanistan as it is connecting two Persian speaking countries in the region.
Afghanistan can benefit the capacities of Iran strategic position for freight transit along East-West and North-South Corrido. Also through this route, Afghanistan can transfer freights from CIS countries and Persian Gulf countries to Turkey to Europe.
This project dates back to 1970 when it was first discussed but later hindered. In the early 1980s and through bilateral negotiations and agreements, the project was re-proposed and its implementation was followed up as per an agreement between Iran's Ministry of Roads and Transportation and Afghanistan's Ministry of Public Works.
Finally in September 2016, tracklaying of Shamtiq-Herat railroad was started alongside the inaugration of Khawf-Sangan railroad.